- Unusually high price for minimum standard Internet service: BDT 1500 or USD 20 per mbps per month.
- Unrealistic high price of pay-per-use (default package) mobile/3g data: BDT 15-20 or USD 0.27 per megabytes.
- High-latency and fluctuation of international peer bandwidth making streaming services unaffordable.
- Extremely poor promise fulfillment performance by local/national ISPs in all levels. High-contention or greedy sharing of small quantity bandwidth among too many users.
- Fair use policies, data volume limits, plus dishonest marketing practice.
- Substitution of “connectivity” with “consumables”. Devaluation of users’ time by “consumed data” currency.
- ISP interconnection exchange exists but is failing to meet in-country bandwidth demand.
- High price of bulk quantity Internet bandwidth. Average businesses fail to secure even the lowest 1mbps bandwidth per user.
- High price of local/inter-branch data connectivity. Monopoly/duopoly condition exists in market.
- Absence of global small-business friendly popular payment processors such as PayPal.
- Unfavorable conditions against possible growth of local hosting industry: Poor infrastructure and high price of bulk bandwidth.
- Absence of Intellectual Property laws and enforcement.
- Absence of localized and/or subsidized pricing model for international digitally reproducible/delivered products.
- National/local Digital Certificate Authority exists but not functional, i.e. not functional (trusted by devices) internationally.
- Regulatory failure in timely launch and spreading of 3g technologies. Delay and high cost of licensing are to blame.
- State owned telco (BTCL) is failing to condition the market as it should, i.e. by not providing up-to-decade technologies (i.e. 3G/LTE/FTTx) to end users. BTCL still operates on copper-pair wires, and even inside capital Dhaka, DSL is the highest level end-user technology offered.
- Lack of functional peering between local ISPs. Neighboring ISPs connecting through international exchanges/peers are quite common occurrences found by end-users.
- Unusually high price of data connectivity (corporate VPN traffic) due to state sponsored monopoly/duopoly condition.
- Local underground fiber networks operating under aforementioned monopoly/duopoly costs high enough for national/zonal ISPs to expand services to underserved areas.
- Many densely populated residential areas, including those in capital city are under monopoly of locally operating LSPs.
- Being the 8th largest country by population, Bangladesh ranks below 100th in Internet usage/quality rankings.
- Monopoly condition in the market of direct/submarine International bandwidth.
- Absence of redundant submarine/direct links to major International networks.
- Lack of initiatives by the government for installing additional submarine cables.
- Flood of low quality and high-delay bandwidth from India.
- Available submarine cable bandwidth intentionally wasted by artificially keeping the price high in local market.
- Export of so called wasted bandwidth to remote parts of neighboring countries at lower price than in local market.
(to be continued…)